Privateer Ship
Privateer Ship

Privateers, Buccaneers and Pirates

What is the difference between those three types of sea robbers? A pirate engages in piracy and attacks any type of ship, a buccaneer is a fugitive which means they are always on the run and the Spanish kicked them out of their homes. Privateers were hired under a contract. What parts of the world do privateers and buccaneers come from? Buccaneers originally came from Spain before they were kicked out, and privateers were mainly hired in Europe by royalty to help fight in wartime.

By: Mihir

The Jolly Roger

Most Common Jolly Roger

The Jolly Roger is the most feared flag with its skull on crossed bones. There were many types of Jolly Rogers, but the main kind you will usually see is a skull over crossed bones. It was usually black for a symbol of privateers or any person turning to a pirate. The Jolly Roger started from Jolie Rouge (Jolly Red). Roger came from the word 'rouge' in England, which meant Rogue laws. Roger was then used as a slang word for beggar.

The whole point of the Jolly Roger was to intimidate victims to surrender without fighting. The two pirates, Black Beard and Bartholomew Roberts, would scare all other pirates by just the sight of their flag. The Jolly Roger was popular to put on your flag in the 17th-18th century. The most common flag of the Jolly Roger (left) was not flown by Black Beard, but it was flown by BlackSam and Edward England. Black Beard's flag was a devil, holding an hour glass, and piercing a bleeding heart. When other pirates saw that flag, they knew to surrender no matter what. It was the same way with Bartholomew Roberts because he was also a very bad pirate. His flag was he and Death holding an hourglass.

By: Megan

Pirate Weapons

This is a Shannon Cottrell gun
This is a Shannon Cottrell gun

Why did pirates like to kill so often? They mostly liked blood and they showed no mercy. They loved it when they saw people getting killed; they sometimes even killed their own crew. One of the other reasons they liked to kill so much is that they wanted a really bad reputation. Why would they want a really bad reputation, you might ask? Well, when enemy ships saw their ship, they didn’t want to fight but they wanted the other ship to surrender. What were the pirates most favorite weapons? Pirates normally liked weapons that were small but very powerful; the two most favorite were small pistols and sharp knives, they also like caltrops. Pirate weapons come in different sizes. They include cannons, pistols, and different types of double barrels.

By: Mihir

What Did Pirates Look Like?
A usual pirate outfit
A usual pirate outfit

What did pirates look like? Well, pirates had ripped clothes and looked dirty. They also wanted to look as scary as possible. They did that by putting blood stains on their clothes, carrying a lot of weapons, and looking like slobs. Pirates did not take showers everyday, so they would smell very bad. Smelling very bad gave pirates an advantage to appear even scarier.

What kind of clothes did they wear? Pirates wore all types of clothing including bicorn and tricorn hats, earrings, tattoos, and ruffled sleeves. Bicorn (featured in the picture to the left) and tricorn hat are hats that look like the ones that British officers would wear. When they wore things like earrings, necklaces, and other jewelry, they usually preferred gold or silver.
By: Mihir

The Pirate Code of Conduct

The Pirate's Code of Conduct (Rules)

What did the code of conduct state? The code of conduct stated the rules of which the pirates had to follow. If a pirate did not follow these rules, sometimes it might lead to a death penalty or you might have to walk the plank. Walking the plank is another word for getting pushed off into the sea. A little bit of the code has been deleted because it is not appropriate for this site.

The Pirate's Code of Conduct:
I. Every man has a vote in affairs of moment; has equal title to the fresh provisions, or strong liquors, at any time seized, and may use them at pleasure, unless a scarcity (not an uncommon thing among them) makes it necessary, for the good of all, to vote a retrenchment. This means that every man has an equal right to vote.
II. Every man to be called fairly in turn, by list, on board of prizes because, (over and above their proper share) they were on these occasions allowed a shift of clothes: but if they defrauded the company to the value of a dollar in plate, jewels, or money, marooning was their punishment. If the robbery was only betwixt one another, they contented themselves with slitting the ears and nose of him that was guilty, and set him on shore, not in an uninhabited place, but somewhere, where he was sure to encounter hardships. Every man has a fair chance.
III. No person to game at cards or dice for money. No gambling.
IV. The lights and candles to be put out at eight o'clock at night: if any of the crew, after that hour still remained inclined for drinking, they were to do it on the open deck. Curfew at 8:00 PM
V. To keep their piece, pistols, and cutlass clean and fit for service. Be ready with your weapons at all times. ‍‍‍‍A cutlass is a type of knife.
VI. To desert the ship or their quarters in battle, was punished with death or marooning. This means that if you leave your ship or fall out on purpose, and if they capture you again then you will be punished.
VII. No striking one another on board, but every man's quarrels to be ended on shore, at sword and pistol. (The quarter-master of the ship, when the parties will not come to any reconciliation, accompanies them on shore with what assistance he thinks proper, and turns the disputant back to back, at so many paces distance; at the word of command, they turn and fire immediately, (or else the piece is knocked out of their hands). If both miss, they come to their cutlasses, and then he is declared the victor who draws the first blood. If there is a dispute between two pirates than they would take it to shore and stand back to back. After standing back to back, they would walk tenpaces forward and shoot at each other.
XI. The musicians to have rest on the Sabbath Day, but the other six days and nights, none without special favor.

By: Mihir

Pirate ship full of life
Pirate ship full of life

Pirate Jobs
This was the list of typical pirate jobs on board:
*Ship's Captain: Plays the most important part on a ship, but if the crew voted him off the boat, then he must walk the plank!
*First Mate: Captain's right-hand man. Would become Captain if he died.
*Quarter Master: Settles rough-housing between shipmates and gives out food. Unless there was a battle, the Quarter Master was almost equal to the ship captain.
*Sailing Master: In charge of navigating and sailing the ship.
*Boatswain: Supervised the maintenance of the vessel and its supply stores.
*Carpenter/Surgeon: Repairs parts of the damaged ship and also was the surgeon of the ship which, by the way, had no anesthetic!
*Cook: Made food for the pirates and if he made poisonous food, then he would be gone.
*Master Gunner: Responsible for ship's ammunition and guns.
*Mate:(in this case matedoes not mean an Austrailian term ) Served as an apprentice to ship captain, boatswain, carpenter and master gunner. Also exaimined areas of the ship.
*Able Bodied Sailor(A.B.S): Needed to know every job, crew member, and weather conditions.
*Rigger: A sailor who would run rigging and to release sails from ship, a.k.a. the most dangerous job.
*Cabin Boy: A young boy who served as a servant.
*Powder Monkey: Not a girl monkey that needs to 'powder her nose', but young boys on ship that would run gunpowder from below the deck.
*Swab/ Swabbie: The lowest rank that might not really be a rank, A Swabbie is a person who swabs a deck.

By: Megan

Pirate Foods

You might not want to ba a pirate after I tell you what they would eat. They could not eat vegtables or fruit because it would spoil, so some would catch a deadly disease called scurvy. Scurvy is a disease caused from lack of vitamin C and will make your gums bleed, your teeth and hair will fall out and finally, you die.
A pirate's favorite alcoholic drink, rum
Here are the food items found on a pirate ship: hard tack( hard tack is a tasteless bread that most pirates eat on the ship since it would not spoil), rum, dried food, turtle soup, turtle eggs, live meat and the water would get stale and slimy. When I first got this information, I was very queasy. I do not know about you, but all I can say, this paragraph changed my mind about being a pirate forever.

By: Megan